Below are showcased publications produced by NOAHE Members. If you are a NOAHE member and would like to have your publication featured on our website and on social media affiliated with the Network, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org; Not a NOAHE member? Sign up here!
Please note: The publications listed on this page serve to showcase the work of our individual members only, and do not necessarily represent the views of the Network of Alberta Health Economists (NOAHE), NOAHE Members, and/or NOAHE funders.
The Healthcare Cost Burden of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Alberta, Canada
Little is known about the cost burden of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on healthcare systems. Accordingly, we examined the long-term trends of healthcare costs for AMI in the province of Alberta, Canada.
Authors: Dat T. Tran, Arto Ohinmaa, Nguyen X. Thanh, Robert C. Welsh, Padma Kaul
Publication Date: Nov 2017
Association of body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat among BMI-defined non-obese middle-aged individuals: Insights from a population-based Canadian sample.
Middle-aged individuals classified as normal by BMI may be overweight/obese based on measures of %BF. These individuals may be at risk for chronic diseases, but would not be identified as such based on their BMI classification. Quantifying %BF in this group could inform targeted strategies for disease prevention.
Authors: Collins KH, Sharif B, Sanmartin C, Reimer RA, Herzog W, Chin R, Marshall DA.
Publication Date: Mar 2017
Show Drugs Work Before Selling Them
Regulation makes economic sense, argue Douglas Sipp, Christopher McCabe and John E. J. Rasko.
Authors: Douglas Sipp, Christopher McCabe & John E. J. Rasko
Publication Date: Mar 2017
"Part of the Team": Mapping the outcomes of training patients for new roles in health research and planning.
A patient research internship (Patient and Community Engagement Research program-PaCER) was created to support a provincial commitment by Alberta Health Services' Strategic Clinical Networks™ to find new ways to engage patients in a new interdisciplinary organization to support evidence-informed improvements in clinical outcomes across the health system.
Authors:Shklarov S, Marshall D, Wasylak T, Marlett N
Publication Date:Jun 2017
A Comparison of Four Software Programs for Implementing Decision Analytic Cost-Effectiveness Models
The volume and technical complexity of both academic and commercial research using decision analytic modelling has increased rapidly over the last two decades. The range of software programs used for their implementation has also increased, but it remains true that a small number of programs account for the vast majority of cost-effectiveness modelling work. We report a comparison of four software programs: TreeAge Pro, Microsoft Excel, R and MATLAB. Our focus is on software commonly used for building Markov models and decision trees to conduct cohort simulations, given their predominance in the published literature around cost-effectiveness modelling. Our comparison uses three qualitative criteria as proposed by Eddy et al.: “transparency and validation”, “learning curve” and “capability”. In addition, we introduce the quantitative criterion of processing speed. We also consider the cost of each program to academic users and commercial users. We rank the programs based on each of these criteria. We find that, whilst Microsoft Excel and TreeAge Pro are good programs for educational purposes and for producing the types of analyses typically required by health technology assessment agencies, the efficiency and transparency advantages of programming languages such as MATLAB and R become increasingly valuable when more complex analyses are required.
Authors:Chase Hollman, Mike Paulden, Petros Pechlivanoglou, Christopher McCabe
Publication date: May 2017
Stem cells and beta cell replacement therapy: a prospective health technology assessment study
Although current beta cell replacement therapy is effective in stabilizing glycemic control in highly selected patients with refractory type 1 diabetes, many hurdles are inherent to this and other donor-based transplantation methods. One solution could be moving to stem cell-derived transplant tissue. This study investigates a novel stem cell-derived graft and implant technology and explores the circumstances of its cost-effectiveness compared to intensive insulin therapy.
Author: Klemens Wallner
Publication date: Mar 2017
The price of whole genome sequencing may be decreasing, but who will be sequenced?
Since whole-genome sequencing (WGS) information can have positive and negative personal utility for individuals, we examined predictors of willingness to pay (WTP) for WGS. Patients & methods: We surveyed two independent populations: adult patients (n = 203) and college seniors (n = 980). Ordinal logistic regression models were used to characterize the relationship between predictors and WTP. Results: Sex, age, education, income, genomic knowledge and knowing someone who had genetic testing or having had genetic testing done personally were associated with significantly higher WTP for WGS. After controlling for income and education, males were willing to pay more for WGS than females. Conclusion: Differences in WTP may impact equity, coverage, affordability and access, and should be anticipated by public dialog about related health policy.
Authors: Deborah Marshall,Karen V MacDonald, Jill Oliver Robinson, Kathryn A Phillips
Publication date: March 2017
Achieving optimal technology use: A proposed model for health technology reassessment
Healthcare providers, managers and policy-makers in many jurisdictions are focused on a common goal: optimizing value and quality of care provided to their citizens within a resource envelope. Health technology reassessment is a structured, evidence-based assessment of the clinical, social, ethical and economic effects of a technology currently used in the healthcare system to inform optimal use of that technology in comparison with its alternatives. There are, however, few practical experiences with health technology reassessment and, as such, a nascent theoretical and methodological base. Health technology reassessment is a key strategy to achieve optimal healthcare resource utilization, and establishing a model for health technology reassessment is a required methodological step.
Authors: Lesley JJ Soril, Gail MacKean, Tom W Noseworthy, Laura E Leggett, and Fiona M Clement
Publication date: April 2017
Value of Information Analysis of Multiparameter Tests for Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer: The OPTIMA-Prelim Trial
Precision medicine is heralded as offering more effective treatments to smaller targeted patient populations. In breast cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy is standard for patients considered as high-risk after surgery. Molecular tests may identify patients who can safely avoid chemotherapy. The objective of this paper is to use economic analysis before a large-scale clinical trial of molecular testing to confirm the value of the trial and help prioritize between candidate tests as randomized comparators.
Authors: Peter S. Hall PhD, Alison Smith Msc, Claire Hulme PhD, Armando Vargas-Palacios PhD, Andreas Makris MD, Luke Hughes-Davies PhD, Janet A. Dunn PhD, John M.S. Bartlett PhD, David A. Cameron MD, Andrea Marshall PhD, Amy Campbell BA, Iain R. Macpherson PhD, Dan Rea PhD, Adele Francis PhD, Helena Earl PhD, Adrienne Morgan PhD, Robert C. Stein PhD, Christopher McCabe PhD
Publication date:July 2017
Innovative Funding Models: Kidney Care Policy Options for the Future – Summary Report
The current approach to funding kidney care in Alberta is not aligned with the strategic goals for Alberta Kidney Care, and the Alberta Health Services Kidney – Strategic Clinical Network, including increasing the appropriate use of home dialysis, non-dialysis supportive care, and kidney transplantation. Current funding models, which are not well aligned with these priorities, should be re-examined to ensure consistent access to the most effective evidencebased therapies across the province, and to capitalize on new technologies that would support patients and caregivers for greater independence.
Publication date: November 2015
The State of Health Economics in Alberta: A Review of Need, Capacity, and Action
Cost is a critical element in almost all public or private decisions regarding health care and human services. While cost as “opportunity cost” is straightforward on a conceptual level, making the concept operational, quantifying costs and integrating such information into decision analysis is a continuing challenge. An IHE conference, “On the State of the Art in Costing Methods: Workshop” was held January 21-22, 2015.
Publication date: May 2015
On the State of the Art in Costing Methods: Summary Report
The discipline of health economics can provide important information that can form part of the evidence-base for health care decision-making in Alberta. This work, conducted by the Institute for Health Economics (IHE) and the University of Calgary (Health Economics group), was performed to better understand the unmet educational needs and health economics products that could support people in the province, and to determine the current capacity for conducting health economics in Alberta
Publication date: April 2015